Scoliosis curvature of the spine in an S shaped form that twists and curves to one side can affect a person at any age but tends to be diagnosed in rapidly growing teenagers. According to published sources, 4 in every 1000 children in UK and Ireland need treatment for scoliosis; many more have the condition and do not need or seek treatment but can be helped by exercise to strengthen the muscles and in turn reduce pain. However, understanding of what exercise is safe and effective with a curved and/or fused spine after surgery is very limited. Specialist exercise trainer and expert scoliosis patient Caroline Freedman provides a practical, illustrated guide for those who are able to use exercise to alleviate the pain of their scoliosis curves, and for those who need a more radical solution surgery - and must modify how they exercise pre and post operatively. Patients, their families and movement professionals will find practical, safe, tailored guidance based on specific, long-term experience.