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The inefficacy objection to consequentialism and the problem with the expected consequences response
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سال انتشار: p2019
تعداد صفحات: 14
زبان فایل: انگلیسی
فرمت فایل: pdf
حجم فایل: 1MB
رمز فایل: www.ketabdownload.com
قیمت: 100,000ريال

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DOI: 10.1007/s11098-018-1087-6

Abstract: Collective action problems lie behind many core issues in ethics and social philosophy—for example, whether an individual is required to vote, whether it is wrong to consume products that are produced in morally objectionable ways, and many others. In these cases, it matters greatly what we together do, but yet a single individual’s ‘non-cooperative’ choice seems to make no difference to the outcome and also seems to involve no violation of anyone’s rights. Here it is argued that—contrary to influential arguments by Peter Singer, Alastair Norcross, Shelly Kagan, Derek Parfit, and Allan Gibbard—an appeal to the expected consequences of acts cannot deliver plausible verdicts on many of these cases, because individuals often have a probability of making a difference that is sufficiently small to ensure that ‘non-cooperation’ is the option with the greatest expected value, even when consequentialists themselves agree that ‘cooperation’ is required. In addition, an influential argument by Singer, Norcross, and Kagan is shown to be unsound for the claim that in the collective action situations at issue, the expected effect of one individual’s action equals the average effect of everyone’s similar actions. These results have general implications for normative theory, because they undermine the sort of consequentialist explanation of collective action cases that is initially attractive from many theoretical points of view, consequentialist and otherwise

Keywords: Consequentialism - Normative ethics - Peter Singer - Alastair Norcross - Shelly Kagan - Derek Parfit - Allan Gibbard - Inefficacy - Vegetarianism - Consumer ethics - Ethics of consumption - Voting


The inefficacy objection to consequentialism and the problem with the expected consequences response, دانلود مقاله اعتراض بی کفایتی برای کانسیکوئنتالیسم و مشکل با پاسخ عواقب مورد انتظار, Consequentialism , Normative ethics , Peter Singer , Alastair Norcross , Shelly Kagan , Derek Parfit , Allan Gibbard , Inefficacy , Vegetarianism , Consumer ethics , Ethics of consumption , Voting
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