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A Minimalist Approach to Archaeological Data Management Design
نویسنده:
سال انتشار: p2019
تعداد صفحات: 21
زبان فایل: انگلیسی
فرمت فایل: pdf
حجم فایل: 5MB
رمز فایل: www.ketabdownload.com
قیمت: 100,000ريال

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10.1007/s10816-018-9399-6

Abstract --- If archaeology is to deal with the “big questions” of the human past, large datasets are required with common data structures that allow for comparison of data derived from markedly different times and places. However, archaeological comparisons using datasets consisting of lots of detailed records remain elusive. Large archaeological datasets are difficult to integrate because it is often functional and therefore interpretative categories that are recorded rather than the phenomena upon which these interpretations are based. Here, we describe a system that maintains a structural separation between recording a simple set of archaeological phenomena, and the functional, behavioral meanings, and temporal associations of these phenomena. Rather than construct a schema that integrates the description of high-level units and relationships, we consider what minimum data entities that might be needed to integrate datasets in relation to archaeological phenomena while still offering the flexibility needed to allow for regional variability in unit construction. We describe the implementation of this system to field recording on Ahuahu (Great Mercury Island), New Zealand, and consider examples of comparative analyses of material recorded using this system from our projects in Australia and Egypt. Keywords Data management Fieldwork recording Data ontology Big data Archaeology deals with the “big questions” of the human past behavioral changes that occurred over large spans of space and time involving changing human environment interrelationships and shifts in the mode and tempo of human evolution (e.g., Kintigh et al. 2014, 2015; Zeder 2009). It seems obvious that in order to answer such big questions, large datasets are required (Wesson and Cottier 2014) with common data structures that allow, for example, comparison of data derived from markedly different times and places (e.g., Holdaway et al. 2010). However, despite the attraction of such big questions, answering them with big archaeological comparisons using datasets consisting of lots of detailed records remains elusive in comparison to the construction of wide ranging syntheses that seek to summarize the prehistory of different regions (Kintigh et al. 2015). Here, we consider how to solve some of the limitations using big data in the former sense by considering the design of a data management system for archaeological fieldwork and analysis that permits the integration of data retrieved from a wide variety of sources


دانلود مقاله رویکرد مینیمالیستی به طراحی مدیریت داده های باستان شناسی , دانلود مقاله , رویکرد مینیمالیستی به طراحی مدیریت داده های باستان شناسی , A Minimalist Approach to Archaeological Data Management Design
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