کتاب دانلود کتب لاتین علوم مهندسیریاضی
پیوسته، گسسته و بینهایت کوچک در فلسفه و ریاضیات
پیوسته، گسسته و بینهایت کوچک در فلسفه و ریاضیات

The Continuous, the Discrete and the Infinitesimal in Philosophy and Mathematics
نویسنده:
سال انتشار: 2019
تعداد صفحات: 320
زبان فایل: انگلیسی
فرمت فایل: pdf
حجم فایل: 6MB
رمز فایل: www.ketabdownload.com
قیمت: 200,000ريال

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Publisher : Springer

ISBN-10 : 3030187098, 3030187063

ISBN-13 : 978-3030187095, 978-3030187064

ASIN : B07XL7KV8R

This book explores and articulates the concepts of the continuous and the infinitesimal from two points of view: the philosophical and the mathematical. The first section covers the history of these ideas in philosophy.  Chapter one, entitled ‘The continuous and the discrete in Ancient Greece, the Orient and the European Middle Ages,’  reviews the work of Plato, Aristotle, Epicurus, and other  Ancient Greeks; the elements of early Chinese, Indian and Islamic thought; and early Europeans including Henry of Harclay, Nicholas of Autrecourt, Duns Scotus, William of Ockham, Thomas Bradwardine and Nicolas Oreme. The second chapter of the book covers European thinkers of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries: Galileo, Newton, Leibniz, Descartes, Arnauld, Fermat, and more. Chapter three, 'The age of continuity,’ discusses eighteenth century mathematicians including Euler and Carnot, and philosophers, among them Hume, Kant and Hegel.

Examining the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the fourth chapter describes the reduction of the continuous to the discrete, citing the contributions of Bolzano, Cauchy and Reimann. Part one of the book concludes with a chapter on divergent conceptions of the continuum, with the work of nineteenth and early twentieth century philosophers and mathematicians, including Veronese, Poincaré, Brouwer, and Weyl.

Part two of this book covers contemporary mathematics, discussing topology and manifolds, categories, and functors, Grothendieck topologies, sheaves, and elementary topoi. Among the theories presented in detail are non-standard analysis, constructive and intuitionist analysis, and smooth infinitesimal analysis/synthetic differential geometry.

No other book so thoroughly covers the history and development of the concepts of the continuous and the infinitesimal.