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زمان سنجی رادیوتراپی قفسه سینه مهمتر از تشدید دوز در بیماران مبتلا به سرطان ریه سلول کوچک در مرحله محدود است: مقایسه موازی دو مطالعه آینده نگر

Timing of thoracic radiotherapy is more important than dose intensification in patients with limited-stage small cell lung cancer: a parallel comparison of two prospective studies
سال انتشار: a2020
زبان فایل: انگلیسی
فرمت فایل: pdf
قیمت: 100,000ريال

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DOI: 10.1007/s00066-019-01539-1

Abstract

Purpose

The optimal radiotherapy dose/fraction for limited-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is undefined. Our objectives were to compare efficacy between hyperfractionated thoracic radiotherapy (TRT; 1.5 Gy 2 times per day [bid] in 30 fractions) and hypofractionated TRT (2.5 Gy once per day [qd] in 22 fractions), and to explore prognostic factors influencing the prognosis, such as the timing of TRT.

Methods

Patients enrolled in two independent prospective studies were combined and analyzed. The primary endpoint was local/regional control (LRC). The prognosis was analyzed using the Cox proportional hazards regression model.

Results

Ninety-two and 96 patients were treated with hyperfractionated TRT and hypofractionated TRT, respectively. The 1‑ and 2‑year LRC rates of the two arms were 82.1 and 60.7%, and 84.9 and 68.8% (P = 0.27), respectively. The median overall survival (OS) times (months) were 28.3 (95% confidence interval, CI 16.4–40.1) and 22.0 (95% CI 16.4–27.5), while the 1‑year, 3‑year, and 5‑year OS rates were 85.2, 40.8, and 27.1%, and 76.9, 34.3, and 26.8% (P = 0.37), respectively. Using a multivariate Cox regression study, time (days) from the initiation of chemotherapy to TRT (TCT) ≤43 was associated with improved LRC (hazard radio, HR 0.39, 95% CI 0.20–0.76; P = 0.005). Time (days) from the start of chemotherapy to the end of TRT (SER) ≤63 (HR 0.50, 95% CI 0.32–0.80; P = 0.003) and prophylactic cranial irradiation (HR 0.43; 95% CI 0.29–0.63; P = 0.000) were favorably related to OS. Grade 2/3 acute radiation esophagitis was observed in 37.0 and 17.7% of patients in the hyperfractionated and hypofractionated arms, respectively (P = 0.003).

Conclusion

Both hyperfractionated and hypofractionated TRT schedules achieved good LRC and OS for patients with limited-stage SCLC in this study. Keeping TCT ≤43 and SER ≤63 resulted in a better prognosis. The incidence of acute esophagitis was significantly higher in the hyperfractionated arm.