To investigate the effect of preoperative coronal tibiofemoral subluxation (CTFS) on functional outcome, prosthesis type, insert thickness and revision rates in patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty (TKA).
A total of 224 knees of 186 patients were included. Patients were divided into two groups as either with (Group 1, 114 knees of 86 patients) or without (Group 2, 124 knees of 100 patients) coronal lateral tibiofemoral subluxation. The mean follow-up period was 71.3 ± 7.3 (range 60–84) months in group 1 and 69.4 ± 6.6 (range 61–79) months in group 2 (n.s.). Coronal tibiofemoral subluxation degree was measured in degrees on standing anteroposterior knee radiographs. Group 1 was divided into three subgroups according to amount of subluxation (< 5 mm, 6–10 mm and > 10 mm). Functional outcome was evaluated using the Western Ontario and McMaster Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC) score and Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) preoperatively and at the last follow-up visit. Prosthesis type, insert thickness and revision rates were compared between the two groups.
There were no significant differences between the two groups regarding patient demographics, prosthesis type, and revision rates (n.s.). The insert thickness was found significantly higher in group 1 (p < 0.001). The preoperative and postoperative WOMAC and KOOS scores were found no significantly different between the two groups (n.s.). Among subluxation (+) subgroups, there was no significant difference in functional outcome scores and revision rates (n.s.). However, prosthesis type and insert thickness were significantly associated with the amount of subluxation (p = 0.009 and p = 0.001, respectively). There was no significant correlation between the degree of lower extremity deformity and coronal tibiofemoral amount of subluxation (n.s.).
Preoperative CTFS does not adversely affect the WOMAC score, KOOS and revision rates after TKA. In the clinical practice, surgeons should be aware of the need for a posterior cruciate stabilizing prosthesis and a thicker insert in the presence of CTFS, especially with subluxation greater than 10 mm and to consider a spared bony resection on the tibia in patients suffering from CTFS.