The aims of this study are to evaluate whether improvements in functional outcome and quality of life are sustainable 10 years after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), and the age cut-off for clinical deterioration in outcomes
Prospectively collected registry data of 120 consecutive patients who underwent TKA at a tertiary hospital in 2006 was analysed. All patients were assessed at 6 months, 2 years and 10 years using the Knee Society Function Score, Knee Society Knee Score, Oxford Knee Score, Short-Form 36 Physical/Mental Component Scores and postoperative satisfaction. One-way ANOVA was used to compare continuous variables, while Chi-squared test to compare categorical variables. Multivariate logistic regression and receiver operating curve analysis was performed to evaluate the predictive factors associated with deterioration of scores postoperatively.
Significant improvements were noted in all functional outcome and quality of life scores at 6 months after TKA. Between 6 months and 2 years, the KSFS and OKS continued to improve but the KSKS, PCS and MCS plateaued. Between 2 and 10 years, there was a deterioration in the KSFS and OKS, whilst KSKS, PCS and MCS were maintained. Increasing age was noted to be a significant risk factor for deterioration of KSFS at 10 years with age ≥ 68 as the cut-off value. 91.7% of patients with KSFS Minimally Clinically Important Difference(MCID) (≥ 7 points) continued to be satisfied after 10 years compared to 100.0% who did not experience KSFS MCID deterioration (p = 0.02).
Patients ≥ 68 years experience deterioration in functional outcomes and quality of life from 2 to 10 years after TKA.