Osteoarthritis (OA) in the glenohumeral joint is a concomitant lesion with rotator cuff tear that commonly occurs in older patients. The authors aimed to evaluate the effect of associated OA on the treatment outcome of rotator cuff repair.
A total of three hundred and forty-eight patients who underwent full-thickness arthroscopic rotator cuff repair were retrospectively reviewed, and the data were prospectively collected. The severity of OA was evaluated using the Samilson and Prieto method preoperatively and the Outerbridge classification intraoperatively. The patients were divided into the small-to-medium group and large-to-massive group according to rotator cuff tear size and were evaluated for presence or absence of OA. The postoperative clinical outcomes were assessed using the visual analog scale for pain, simple shoulder test (SST), University of California–Los Angeles, Constant, and American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons (ASES) scoring systems at baseline and at final follow-up.
Forty-five patients were diagnosed with glenohumeral OA (12.9%). Overall, no significant differences were observed in demographic and baseline data between the two groups according to the presence or absence of OA. The clinical symptoms of both groups significantly improved at the final follow-up. At the final follow-up, no significant differences were found in the VAS for pain, SST, UCLA, Constant, and ASES scores between the two groups. In the large-to-massive tear group, patients with OA had significantly inferior clinical results compared with those without OA.
The clinical outcome scores improved after rotator cuff repair regardless of the presence of concomitant OA. However, glenohumeral OA should be considered as a potential negative prognostic factor in patients with large-to-massive rotator cuff tears.