The multidisciplinary co-management program for geriatric patients with hip fracture is cost-effective in the Chinese population and it has the potential to be scaled up in China.
The study aimed to investigate the cost-effectiveness of a multidisciplinary co-management program for patients with hip fracture in China.
Hip fracture patients who were admitted to an orthopedic hospital in Beijing were included in the multidisciplinary co-management program. The cost-effectiveness of intervention was evaluated compared to the conventional management. A Markov microsimulation model was developed to simulate lifetime costs and effectiveness. Costs including intervention, hospitalization, medications, and long-term care costs were expressed using 2019 US dollars and the healthcare perspective was adopted. Effectiveness was evaluated using both 1-year mortality-averted and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs). Costs and effectiveness were discounted at 5% per annum. The willingness-to-pay (WTP) threshold was set at $26,481 per QALY gained which was three times gross domestic product (GDP) per capita in China. One-way and probabilistic sensitivity analyses were conducted.
The lifetime cost for the conventional management (n = 1839) and intervention group (n = 1192) was $11,975 and $13,309 respectively. The lifetime QALYs were 2.38 and 2.45 years and the first-year mortality was 17.8% and 16.1%. The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio was $19,437 per QALY gained or $78,412 per 1-year mortality-averted. Given the Chinese WTP threshold, the intervention had a 78% chance being cost-effective. The cost-effectiveness of the intervention was sensitive to cost of intervention and the proportion of patients who underwent surgery within 48 h.
The multidisciplinary co-management program for patients with hip fracture is cost-effective and it has the potential to be scaled up in the Chinese population.