To evaluate the association between posterior tibial slope (PTS) and the short-term results of conservative treatment for the patients with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears.
Thirty-seven patients (37 knees: male 33, female 4) who were managed with the same treatment protocols for ACL tears were included. All patients applied ACL brace and underwent standardized rehabilitation protocol. Group A consisted of 14 patients with successful results after conservative management and group B consisted of 23 patients who received operative treatments due to failed conservative management. For each group, a plain radiograph was used to measure the PTS. The demographic data of patients and differences of PTS between each group were analyzed.
The mean age was 33.2 years in group A and 29.7 years in group B, respectively (p = 0.8). There was no significant difference between each group in terms of gender, body mass index, and injury mechanism. There was no significant difference between each group in the classification according to the isolated or combined injury (p = 0.83). The mean PTS was 8.3° in group A and 10.2° in group B. The mean PTS in group A was significantly lower than that in group B (p = 0.03).
The patients with successful results after conservative management had a lower mean PTS than those with failed conservative treatment (8.3° vs. 10.2°, p = 0.03). The failure of conservative treatment after ACL tear was found to be associated with increased PTS.