Greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS) is a condition resulting in lateral hip pain, most commonly caused by tendinosis or tear of the gluteus medius and minimus tendons, and greater trochanteric bursitis. Our aim was to assess pelvic parameters and proximal femoral anatomy in patients suffering from surgical-stage GTPS compared with a control group.
This retrospective, case-control study assessed 43 patients suffering from GTPS, matched according to age, gender, body mass index and level of sport and physical activity to 43 control patients, between 2013 and 2018. Pelvic parameters, including pelvic incidence (PI), pelvic tilt (PT) and sacral slope (SS), and proximal femoral anatomy, including femoral offset (FO) and neck-shaft angle (NSA), were measured using the EOS Imaging™ system.
GTPS patients had a significantly lower mean (± SD) SS than control patients (33.1 ± 10.4 vs. 39.6 ± 9.7°, respectively; p < 0.05). There was no significant difference in PT (21.3 ± 7.1 vs. 19.0 ± 7.2°), PI (53.5 ± 11.6 vs. 57.7 ± 10.5°), FO (40.4 ± 8 vs. 42.2 ± 6.8°) or NSA (125.1 ± 5.8 vs. 124.4 ± 4.7°). There was no difference in lower back pain symptoms in a subgroup analysis of GTPS patients.
Sacral slope was lower in patients with surgical-stage GTPS than in asymptomatic hip patients, using the EOS Imaging™ system.