To determine prognostic factors and overall survival (OS) in therapy-related myeloid neoplasm (t-MN) of patients after receiving peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT).
All patients treated from February 1999 until September 2019 at our center who had bone marrow biopsy-proven t-MN after PRRT were included. Patient characteristics, laboratory results, and all tumor-directed therapies before t-MN diagnosis were collected. Cox regression analysis was performed to identify parameters associated with OS. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to define cutoff values as well as sensitivity and specificity of the parameters.
Out of 1631 patients treated with PRRT, 30 patients developed t-MN comprising myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) in 23 patients (77%) and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in 7 patients (23%). The median OS of t-MN patients was 13 months (range 9.1–16.9 months): 6 months for AML and 15 months for the MDS subgroup, respectively. Higher platelet level was a significant prognostic parameter for longer OS (hazard ratio (HR): 0.99, P < 0.05). Using ROC analysis, the best cutoff value for thrombocyte count was 183.5 Gpt/L, resulting in a sensitivity of 92.3% and a specificity of 50%. Other factors, such as hemoglobin level, did not show a significant correlation with OS.
Even rarely occurred, the OS is gravely compromised in t-MN patients after PRRT, and even less in the AML subgroup (6 months). Higher platelet value was a significant prognostic parameter for longer OS in t-MN patients.