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"-omics" دست نخورده: متاژنوم میکروبی، استروبولوم و تأثیر آنها در ایجاد سرطان پستان و پاسخ به درمان

Untapped “-omics”: the microbial metagenome, estrobolome, and their influence on the development of breast cancer and response to treatment
نویسنده: A. S. Komorowski, R. C. Pezo
سال انتشار: a2020
زبان فایل: انگلیسی
فرمت فایل: pdf
قیمت: 100,000ريال

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DOI: 10.1007/s10549-019-05472-w

Abstract

With the advent of next generation sequencing technologies, there is an increasingly complex understanding of the role of gastrointestinal and local breast microbial dysbiosis in breast cancer. In this review, we summarize the current understanding of the microbiome’s role in breast carcinogenesis, discussing modifiable risk factors that may affect breast cancer risk by inducing dysbiosis as well as recent sequencing data illustrating breast cancer subtype-specific differences in local breast tissue microbiota. We outline how the ‘estrobolome,’ the aggregate of estrogen-metabolizing enteric bacterial genes, may affect the risk of developing postmenopausal estrogen receptor–positive breast cancer. We also discuss the microbiome’s potent capacity for anticancer therapy activation and deactivation, an important attribute of the gastrointestinal microbiome that has yet to be harnessed clinically.